Fundación Focus



The Fundación Fondo de Cultura (Focus) and the Fundación Ayesa present the book, Painting in the 19th Century. An Aesthetical and Conceptual Vision at the Hospital de los Venerables


Doctor Julio Martínez Calzón, author of the book, attended the event

Sevilla, January 26, 2017. The Fundación Fondo de Cultura de Sevilla (Focus), together with the Fundación Ayesa, organized today, Thursday 26 January, the presentation of the book entitled; Painting in the 19th Century. An Aesthetical and Conceptual Vision, which was written by Julio Martínez Calzón, Doctorate in Engineering and specialist in building structures and bridges, such as Seville’s Centennial Bridges and the Juan Bravo Bridge over the Castellana.

The event was also attended by Víctor Pérez Escolano,  Professor Emeritus at the University of Seville in the area of architectural composition; Ana Manzanares Abásolo, the President of the Fundación Ayesa; and Anabel Morillo León, General Director of the Fundación Focus.

The book bestows 19th century paintings with the recognition they deserve as they are “not well known and to a certain extent pushed out of the forefront, as if they were somehow trapped between the brilliance of earlier centuries and the those of the later avant-gardes that marked the start of modernism,” as Julio Martínez Calzón states. 

Therefore, this journey through 19th century painting points to 1,245 artists, mostly from Europe and the United States, and offers a unique opportunity to gain a new global insight into the pictorial production of this time period in the Western world.  

In addition, the book is enhanced with a freely accessible webpage ( that offers the chance to admire almost 100,000 Western works of art from that century.

Julio Martínez Calzón

Julio Martínez Calzón (Valencia, 1938) holds a Doctorate in the Engineering of Roads, Canals and Ports, and is a specialist in building structures and bridges. Among his numerous works, that are often innovative from a technical viewpoint, we can highlight as the most widely known; the Juan Bravo Bridge over the Castellana, the OHL and Sacyr Towers, and the National Music Auditorium in Madrid; the Mare Nostrum and Collserola Towers in Barcelona, and Seville’s Centennial Bridges and the Arenal Bridge in Cordoba. He has worked with important architects such as; Juan Navarro Baldeweg, Arata Isozaki, Tadao Ando and Norman Foster. He has also taught at the Escuelas de Caminos in Madrid and Santander for over 40 years.

Fundación Fondo de Cultura de Sevilla (Focus)

The Fundación Focus was created in 1982 as a result of the cultural work begun in 1972 by Abengoa with the publication of the works Temas Sevillanos and Iconografía de Sevilla (Themes of Seville and Iconography of Seville). A collection of documents, books and engravings on the Kingdom of Seville and by Sevillian authors was created during the same period. This initial cultural work showed Abengoa’s directors the importance of the company’s involvement in activities that directly benefit society, beyond the firm’s core technology work, which led to the creation of the Fundación Fondo de Cultura de Sevilla. 1991 became a key year in the organization’s recent history as its location was moved to the Hospital de los Venerables Sacerdotes, a 17th Centrury monument, in addition to inaugurating the exceptional baroque organ. From this point onward, the institution has enjoyed a musical program of international reference. Since 2007 and following the acquisition of Velázquez’s Santa Rufina by the Foundation, the Hospital de los Venerables, a has housed the Diego Velázquez Research Centre, a leading institution for studying and disseminating the Baroque era and the Sevillian period of this universally renowned artist Attention to this crucial moment of the Golden Age is completed with the legacy of Professor Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez, received by the Foundation in 2011. Consisting of his library, photo library, archive and collection of artworks, its cataloging is enabling to create a library specializing in Baroque art and culture. This entire heritage is widely spread by Focus Educa, our area of education, by means of which we raise awareness and bring culture closer to society.

Fundación Ayesa

The Fundación Ayesa is a private institution of public interest that strives to generate, transmit and drive knowledge further. Its aim is to integrate those with disabilities into the workforce and enhance and develop scientific and technical research of excellence relating to construction, agriculture, water, infrastructures, energy, communications and new science approaches as well as the related architecture and engineering

For more information:

Cristina Cabrera Angulo

+ 34 954937111

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